Modern Newark is a thriving market town in the heart of rural Nottinghamshire.
With a population of about 25,000, it is the largest town in the administrative district of Newark and Sherwood, whose district council operates from nearby Kelham Hall.
Other large communities are Southwell, from which the area's Anglican diocese takes its name, the merged village of Ollerton and Boughton, and Balderton, which shares a boundary with Newark.
Newark stands at the junction of two ancient highways, the Roman Fosse Way, and the Great North Road from London to Edinburgh.
heir modern equivalents, the A46 and A1 both bypass the town.
A branch of the River Trent once provided a major trade route, while more modern communications are afforded by the East Coast railway line.
Eurostar services will soon provide Newark with a direct link to the Continent via the Channel Tunnel. Despite the recent decline of coal mining in the western part of the district, the area has a thriving economy.
Major employers are bearing manufacturer NSK-RHP, Flowserve Corporation in neighbouring Balderton and food and pine furniture manufacturers.